The Linear Ubiquitin Chain Assembly Complex (LUBAC), composed of HOIP, HOIL-1L, and SHARPIN, promotes tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-dependent NF-κB signaling in diverse cell types. HOIL-1L contains an Npl4 Zinc Finger (NZF) domain that specifically recognizes linear ubiquitin chains, but its physiological role in vivo has remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the HOIL-1L NZF domain has important regulatory functions in inflammation and immune responses in mice. We generated knockin mice (Hoil-1l T201A;R208A/T201A;R208A ) expressing a HOIL-1L NZF mutant and observed attenuated responses to TNF- and LPS-induced shock, including prolonged survival, stabilized body temperature, reduced cytokine production, and liver damage markers. Cells derived from Hoil-1l T201A;R208A/T201A;R208A mice show reduced TNF-dependent NF-κB activation and incomplete recruitment of HOIL-1L into TNF Receptor (TNFR) Complex I. We further show that HOIL-1L NZF cooperates with SHARPIN to prevent TNFR-dependent skin inflammation. Collectively, our data suggest that linear ubiquitin-chain binding by HOIL-1L regulates immune responses and inflammation in vivo.
D. Pokorny, L. Truebestein, K. D. Fleming, J. E. Burke, and T. A. Leonard